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  • Panel | 28 November, 2017

    Measuring the Effects of Air Pollution on GDP in China

    Pollution is fast becoming one of China’s most serious issues, with worrying statistics circulating about the effect of pollution on life expectancy. But behind the health risks, what are the financial costs of pollution on a country’s workforce? A ground-breaking new study has calculated a formula that draws a correlation between the effects of air pollution and labour productivity for manufacturing firms in China. Professor Brian Viard, one of the study’s co-authors, will present this data in public for the first time, explaining the rigorous methodology behind the calculations and revealing exactly how much China’s GDP is affected by different levels of pollution. He will then be joined by Anke Schrader, Senior Researcher at the Conference Board’s China Center for Economics and Business, who will help to discuss how improving air quality can generate substantial output and productivity benefits, as well as the impact of environmental regulations on firm competitiveness.



    V. Brian Viard is Associate Professor of Strategy and Economics, CKGSB. He was previously a professor at Stanford Graduate School of Business. Professor Viard’s research focuses on industrial organization economics, economics of strategy, and environmental economics. He has studied the pricing and product strategies of firms in information and technology industries, including the role of product upgrades and complementary goods. Professor Viard’s recent work focuses on the determinants of Internet adoption, including provider competition and availability of content. He is also currently examining the economic effects of China’s efforts to reduce automobile pollution and the effect of air pollution on manufacturing productivity.

    Anke Schrader is Senior Researcher, China Center for Economics and Business, The Conference Board. Anke Schrader leads the research of The Conference Board China Center for Economics and Business on corporate citizenship, sustainability, and human capital. Her current research interests include corporate sustainability practices, measurement, and reporting; corporate citizenship and philanthropy engagement; civil society development; demographic changes in China and their implications for business and economic growth; China labor force evolution and development; and the evolving skill sets of China’s workforce. She is also responsible for coordinating China Center research programs, knowledge management, and outreach activities to members, institutions, co-operators, and the public. Anke graduated from the University of Konstanz, Germany with a master’s degree in Public Policy and Management.

    Speaker | 13 November, 2017

    The Trump-Xi summit – A post-match analysis

    With his inaugural visit to the Asia-Pacific region taking place just two weeks after President Xi Jinping’s elevation at the 19th Party Congress, President Donald Trump’s stop in China will be among the most consequential. The United States would like to partner more closely with China on pressing issues like addressing the threat posed by North Korea’s nuclear weapons program. At the same time, the Trump administration has expressed concerns about China’s respect for the international rules-based order and discriminatory Chinese trade and economic policies.

    Trump’s visit presents an opportunity for both sides to resolve outstanding issues in order to position the bilateral relationship on a more sustainable footing.
    Two visiting Carnegie scholars, Mr. Douglas H. Paal, vice president for studies at the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace, and Mr. James M. Acton, co-director of the Nuclear Policy Program and a senior fellow at the Carnegie Endowment, will assess the visit and discuss the state of the U.S.-China relationship and how Washington and Beijing can advance substantive cooperation, especially on issues such as North Korea.



    Douglas H. Paal is vice president for studies at the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace. He previously served as vice chairman of JPMorgan Chase International from 2006 to 2008 and was an unofficial U.S. representative to Taiwan as director of the American Institute in Taiwan from 2002 to 2006. He was on the National Security Council staffs of presidents Ronald Reagan and George H.W. Bush between 1986 and 1993 as director of Asian Affairs and then as senior director and special assistant to the president.

    Paal held positions in the policy planning staff at the state department, as a senior analyst for the CIA, and at U.S. embassies in Singapore and Beijing. He has spoken and published frequently on Asian affairs and national security issues.


    James M. Acton is co-director of the Nuclear Policy Program and a senior fellow at the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace. A physicist by training, Acton was a winner of the competitive Carnegie Corporation of New York grant on new technologies and the nuclear threat that funds his ongoing research into the escalation implications of advanced conventional weapons. In addition, Acton is a member of the Nuclear Security Working Group, a former member of the Commission on Challenges to Deep Cuts, and previously co-chair of the Next Generation Working Group on U.S.-Russia Arms Control.

    An expert on hypersonic conventional weapons and the author of the Carnegie report, Silver Bullet? Asking the Right Questions About Conventional Prompt Global Strike, James M. Acton has testified on this subject to the U.S. House of Representatives Armed Services Committee and the congressionally chartered U.S.-China Economic and Security Review Commission.